U.S. Immigration Courts are frequently the subject of news reports. But these are not the only trial-level courts within the Executive Office of Immigration Review (or "EOIR," a federal agency that is a part of the U.S. Department of Justice). EOIR also includes the Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer ("OCAHO"), which consists of Administrative Law Judges who adjudicate charges brought by ICE against employers for failing to comply with federal employment verification laws and for employing individuals who are unauthorized to work in the United States. OCAHO judges also hear cases brought by individuals against their employers for discriminatory practices based on the individual's national origin and/or citizenship.
This convenient flyer (hot off the presses by AILA) provides more information on the important work that OCAHO does: